How we help

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic Therapy looks at how experiences in your past may have affected the way you live your life now, your current relationships and above all, how you feel about yourself. It helps you to break damaging patterns which may be preventing you from moving on with your life. It can be offered as a short-term treatment (8 u2013 12 sessions); medium-term (12 u2013 20 sessions); or open-ended treatment, whereby you finish when you and your therapist feel that youu2019re ready.

Can help with: depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, stress, relationship problems, coping with loss.

Interpersonal Therapy

Interpersonal Therapy is a 16-week programme specifically designed to treat moderate to severe depression which has been caused by one of four possible issues:

a) a life-changing situation which has been difficult to cope with
b) a personal conflict
c) a complicated reaction to a bereavement
d) difficulties in making or sustaining relationships

One of these areas will be chosen as the focus for the work, and in particular we will look at who the significant others are in your life and whether they are contributing to the problem or able to support your recovery in any way. Some psychodynamic approaches may be integrated into the Interpersonal Therapy as appropriate, particularly with area (d) above.

Can help with: depression and relationship issues.

Person Centred Therapy

Person Centred Therapy is based on the fundamental belief that humans have the capacity to find their own answers to problems if they are given the right conditions for this to happen. In Person Centred Therapy (PCT), the counsellor creates the conditions for this self-healing to happen; the conditions are treating the client with respect; not judging the client; being genuine; actively listening; and having unconditional positive regard for the client. The role of the counsellor is to try to understand another personu2019s (the client) behaviour from their viewpoint.

It is a respectful, non-threatening method, letting the client direct the process themselves with the counsellor as the helper.

To be effective, it is usual to have between 6-8 sessions of counselling. In all cases the counsellor will review how the work is going with the client, and together they will agree on the length of counselling.

Can help with: relationships, general anxiety disorders, depression, low self-esteem, drug and alcohol problems, bereavement and loss.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a short-term psychological therapy. CBT helps clients examine how they think about certain things or situations and their behaviour in response to those thoughts. By using a structured set of techniques, the therapist will aim to identify thinking that causes problematic feelings and behaviour. The client learns to change this thinking which in turn leads to more appropriate and positive ways of dealing with problems. CBT focuses on what is happening day by day for the client. The client is expected to take a very active role in identifying problems and will be set u201chomeworku201d by the counsellor; often this means keeping a daily diary of their thoughts and feelings when they are in a difficult situation. The client will be given u201ctoolsu201d to help them in these situations and by using these tools the client will begin to be able to change their negative thoughts and feelings and develop more appropriate ways of coping.

CBT is a short-term therapy of between 6 u2013 8 sessions. However, it can be longer or shorter depending on the nature and severity of the condition.

Can help with: eating disorders; panic attacks; phobias; obsessive compulsive disorder; depression and anxiety; post- traumatic stress disorder; anger; drug or alcohol abuse.

Brief Solution Focused Therapy (BSFT)

This therapy places the emphasis on the present and the future. Rather than analysing problems the therapist will help the client focus on potential solutions and help the client set achievable goals towards the solution. It is a very positive approach to therapy which starts from the viewpoint that change is not only possible but inevitable. It also views the client as the expert and they define their goals. It also helps clients gain more self-awareness and to encourage people to think about their preferred future, rather than feeling they are stuck and unable to change things. The therapy builds on the clients skills and strengths and the clients supportive relationships such as family, friends, faith or religious groups.

It is a short-term therapy of between 6 u2013 8 sessions.

Can help with: anxiety, depression and relationship issues

Aylesbury Counselling Service

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